Fonds - Oriental Home and School fonds

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Oriental Home and School fonds

General material designation

    Parallel title

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    Title statements of responsibility

    Title notes

    • Source of title proper: Title based on contents of the fonds

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    Edition statement

    Edition statement of responsibility

    Class of material specific details area

    Statement of scale (cartographic)

    Statement of projection (cartographic)

    Statement of coordinates (cartographic)

    Statement of scale (architectural)

    Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

    Dates of creation area


    • 1886-1959 (Creation)
      Oriental Home and School

    Physical description area

    Physical description

    52 cm of textual records
    348 photographs
    9 architectural drawings

    Publisher's series area

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    Archival description area

    Name of creator


    Administrative history

    In 1885, missionary John Endicott Gardner began sheltering Chinese women and girls working as prostitutes in Victoria. Gardner received support for this work from the Rev. J.E. Starr, a local Methodist minister. In 1888, a home on Cormorant Street was purchased, and the Chinese Girls’ Rescue Home officially opened. At Starr’s urging, the Woman’s Missionary Society (WMS) at Pandora Avenue (later Metropolitan) Methodist Church became involved. By 1890, the home’s main priority shifted to providing refuge for Asian domestic servants suffering enslavement and abuse. In 1908, the WMS opened a newly constructed facility, and the name of the home was changed to the Oriental Home and School. It offered shelter and Christian education for Chinese and Japanese women and girls. The United Church continued to operate the home after Church Union in 1925. The evacuation of Japanese Canadians from the coast during the Second World War brought an abrupt end to the home in 1942. Japanese residents were relocated to a WMS home at Assiniboia, Saskatchewan. The WMS purchased a smaller home on Pembroke Street for the remaining Chinese women, and it became known as a Chinese Christian community centre.

    Custodial history

    Scope and content

    Fonds consists of the following record series: Attendance records (1886-1942); Financial records (1888-1948); Historical accounts and other material (1887-1959); Resident case files (1891-1942); Annual reports (1926-1934); Meeting minutes (1896-1915); Property records (1908-1909); and Photographs (1901-1947).

    Notes area

    Physical condition

    Some material is fragile

    Immediate source of acquisition

    Acquisition details were not documented. The majority of the records were received prior to 1990. Transfer of photographs P-31/file 1 and Advisory Committee minute book transferred from First-Metropolitan United Church Archives (Victoria, B.C.) on September 15, 2016.


    Language of material

    • English

    Script of material

      Location of originals

      Availability of other formats

      Advisory Committee minutes available in microfilm

      Restrictions on access

      Access to some records is restricted to protect personal information

      Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

      Finding aids

      File list available

      Uploaded finding aid

      Associated materials


      No further accruals expected

      Alpha-numeric designations

      BCAUL control number: UCCBC-21

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      Control area

      Description record identifier

      AffB 19

      Institution identifier

      Rules or conventions

      Rules for Archival Description



      Level of detail


      Dates of creation, revision and deletion

      Created March 2, 2016
      Revised October 4, 2018

      Language of description

      • English

      Script of description


        Accession area