Fonds - Oriental Home and School fonds

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Oriental Home and School fonds

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Title notes

  • Source of title proper: Title based on contents of the fonds

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Edition statement

Edition statement of responsibility

Class of material specific details area

Statement of scale (cartographic)

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area


  • 1886-1959 (Creation)
    Oriental Home and School

Physical description area

Physical description

52 cm of textual records
348 photographs
9 architectural drawings

Publisher's series area

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Archival description area

Name of creator


Administrative history

In 1885, missionary John Endicott Gardner began sheltering Chinese women and girls working as prostitutes in Victoria. Gardner received support for this work from the Rev. J.E. Starr, a local Methodist minister. In 1888, a home on Cormorant Street was purchased, and the Chinese Girls’ Rescue Home officially opened. At Starr’s urging, the Woman’s Missionary Society (WMS) at Pandora Avenue (later Metropolitan) Methodist Church became involved. By 1890, the home’s main priority shifted to providing refuge for Asian domestic servants suffering enslavement and abuse. In 1908, the WMS opened a newly constructed facility, and the name of the home was changed to the Oriental Home and School. It offered shelter and Christian education for Chinese and Japanese women and girls. The United Church continued to operate the home after Church Union in 1925. The evacuation of Japanese Canadians from the coast during the Second World War brought an abrupt end to the home in 1942. Japanese residents were relocated to a WMS home at Assiniboia, Saskatchewan. The WMS purchased a smaller home on Pembroke Street for the remaining Chinese women, and it became known as a Chinese Christian community centre.

Custodial history

Scope and content

Fonds consists of the following record series: Attendance records (1886-1942); Financial records (1888-1948); Historical accounts and other material (1887-1959); Resident case files (1891-1942); Annual reports (1926-1934); Meeting minutes (1896-1915); Property records (1908-1909); and Photographs (1901-1947).

Notes area

Physical condition

Some material is fragile

Immediate source of acquisition

Acquisition details were not documented. The majority of the records were received prior to 1990. Transfer of photographs P-31/file 1 and Advisory Committee minute book transferred from First-Metropolitan United Church Archives (Victoria, B.C.) on September 15, 2016.


Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Location of originals

Availability of other formats

Advisory Committee minutes available in microfilm

Restrictions on access

Access to some records is restricted to protect personal information

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Finding aids

File list available

Uploaded finding aid

Associated materials


No further accruals expected

Alpha-numeric designations

BCAUL control number: UCCBC-21

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Control area

Description record identifier

AffB 19

Institution identifier

Rules or conventions

Rules for Archival Description



Level of detail


Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Created March 2, 2016
Revised October 4, 2018

Language of description

  • English

Script of description


Accession area

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