Oriental Home and School

Identity area

Type of entity

Corporate body

Authorized form of name

Oriental Home and School

Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

Other form(s) of name

  • Chinese Girls' Rescue Home

Identifiers for corporate bodies

Description area

Dates of existence

1888-1942

History

In 1885, missionary John Endicott Gardner began sheltering Chinese women and girls working as prostitutes in Victoria. Gardner received support for this work from the Rev. J.E. Starr, a local Methodist minister. In 1888, a home on Cormorant Street was purchased, and the Chinese Girls’ Rescue Home officially opened. At Starr’s urging, the Woman’s Missionary Society (WMS) at Pandora Avenue (later Metropolitan) Methodist Church became involved. By 1890, the home’s main priority shifted to providing refuge for Asian domestic servants suffering enslavement and abuse. In 1908, the WMS opened a newly constructed facility, and the name of the home was changed to the Oriental Home and School. It offered shelter and Christian education for Chinese and Japanese women and girls. The United Church continued to operate the home after Church Union in 1925. The evacuation of Japanese Canadians from the coast during the Second World War brought an abrupt end to the home in 1942. Japanese residents were relocated to a WMS home at Assiniboia, Saskatchewan. The WMS purchased a smaller home on Pembroke Street for the remaining Chinese women, and it became known as a Chinese Christian community centre.

Places

Legal status

Functions, occupations and activities

Mandates/sources of authority

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

Relationships area

Access points area

Subject access points

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Occupations

Control area

Authority record identifier

Institution identifier

United Church of Canada British Columbia Conference Archives

Rules and/or conventions used

Rules for Archival Description

Status

Final

Level of detail

Full

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Revised March 2, 2016

Language(s)

  • English

Script(s)

Sources

Maintenance notes

  • Clipboard

  • Export

  • EAC

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