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archival descriptions
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J. Lewis Sangster fonds

  • CA NWM IH 2011.30
  • Fonds
  • 1904-1950

This fonds consists of photographs and postcards taken or collected by J. Lewis Sangster during his time spent in New Westminster, during his time traveling and during his time spent overseas during World War I. Sangster developed a large number of the photographs himself, in a small cellar in his home that was converted into a darkroom. The fonds has been divided into three series based on content: Sangster Family, Military, and New Westminster Subjects. Included in the Military series, there is a collection of Canadian Official postcards published by the British newspaper The Daily Mirror, which Sangster collected during his time serving in World War I. The family series consists of photographs taken by Sangster of his family members, as well as pictures that Sangster received from extended family members.

Sangster, J. Lewis

Stuart Carson collection

  • Collection
  • [194-]

The collection consists 76 negatives and 9 photographs from the 1940s. It includes scenes around Prince Rupert during the Second World War such as gun placements, artillery on boats, soldiers, ship building at the dry dock, Hays Creek, CN Park, downtown views, fish boats, family, and a concert.

Carson, Stuart

Ronald Hudson Turner fonds

  • Fonds
  • 1913 - 2013

The fonds consists of personal documents, memberships, correspondence and miscellaneous items. The fonds is divided into six series.

Turner, Ronald Hudson

Morris Soskin and Rose Hyams collection

  • CA JHS A.2014.007
  • Fonds
  • 1911, 1920-1921

The fonds consists of a series of love-letters written between Morris Soskin and Rose Hyams. These letters were written in 1921 between Vancouver (where Morris lived) and Montreal (where Rose lived).

Soskin (family)

Lesbian and Bisexual Women in English Canada audio history collection

  • CA UVICARCH AR425
  • Collection
  • 1996 - 1998

The Lesbian and Bisexual Women in English Canada audio history collection consists of audio histories conducted for the 2001 University of Victoria Department of History doctoral dissertation The Spreading Depths: Lesbian and Bisexual Women in English Canada, 1910-1965. The Spreading Depths is the basis for Cameron Duder’s subsequent monograph Awfully Devoted Women: Lesbian Lives in Canada, 1900-65, published in 2010 by UBC Press.

The collection consists of 12 interviews (21 recordings in total as some were in multiple parts) conducted by Duder from 1996 to 1998. 27 women were interviewed for the dissertation research, and Duder also drew on interviews recorded in the 1980s for the Lesbians Making History Project. 12 of the women interviewed by Duder consented to their interviews being housed in the University of Victoria Archives. 10 of the 12 women requested to be identified by pseudonym.

Duder's dissertation, The Spreading Depths, examines lesbian and bisexual women’s formation of subjectivity in pre-1965 English Canada, a time when the terms and identities “lesbian” and “bisexual” were not widely discussed in society. Duder considers the existing historical information about the lives of women in same-sex relationships, in English Canada, before the social, political and sexual liberation movements of the 1960s. The interviews conducted by Duder provide information on what had been a neglected group in previous research on lesbian and bisexual women: the interview subjects are lesbians and bisexual women from lower-middle class and working class families. Duder argues that discourses on 19th and 20th century history of sexuality have reflected the documentation of the politically active and socially privileged, namely activist persons or organizations and women from upper middle class families whose histories were documented in public archives. Duder argues for a class-specific lesbian subjectivity in the decades before 1965, a subjectivity which does not always adhere to the forms of the “romantic friendship” and the “butch-femme relationship” which have dominated the discourse.

Duder adds a Canadian perspective to the large literature on the transition in women’s relationships from the romantic friendship to the modern lesbian. The Spreading Depths reveals that before the Second World War, women in same-sex relationships were influenced by the language of sexology. Their relationships were also much more explicitly sexual than were those of earlier generations of lesbians. Duder suggests, however, that we should not assume great expansion in the discussion of sexuality, because well into the 1950s and 1960s Canadians lacked information about sexual desire and sexual practice. The interview testimonies complicate the picture we have of women in the mid-twentieth century being much more sexually aware than women of previous generations.

The interviews reveal that lesbians and bisexual women shared heterosexual women’s longing for intimate relationships, their joy at finding a partner, and their pleasure in coming to an awareness of sexuality, but they also reveal that same-sex relationships held the same risks of infidelity, domestic violence, and alcohol abuse as existed for heterosexual women. Relationships with family were also mixed. Duder posits that because of the lack of public discussion around women’s sexual subjectivity, and therefore a lack of terminology that could be used to define and reject women living outside the heterosexual norm, women in same-sex relationships during the period under study may have had somewhat better relationships with their families than lesbians after 1965. Finally, The Spreading Depths discusses the Canadian lesbian community of the 1950s and the 1960s and contrasts the social world of lower-middle-class lesbians with the public bar culture of Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver. The interview testimonies reveal the views held by these women towards the bar scene and the women who regularly socialized in the bars. The interviewees describe alternative ways they found to socialize with one another so as to avoid exposure.

Initially, the project intended to include heterosexual women as a part of its analysis of women in English Canada. Duder sought interviewees through advertisements in regular media and lesbian and feminist media, and consequently the text of these advertisements differed: for regular media, women 55 and older, who lived in British Columbia or Ontario for a minimum of 5 years between 1910 and 1955, were sought to speak about personal relationships and social life, all types of friendships, romantic relationships, courting and marriage; advertisements in lesbian and feminist media sought lesbian/gay and bisexual women 55 and older, who lived in British Columbia or Ontario for a minimum of 5 years between 1910 and 1955, willing to speak about personal relationships and social life, and the lives of lesbian and bisexual women. The dissertation was later narrowed to consider lesbian and bisexual women only.

Interviewees were offered use of pseudonyms, given the option of an audio recording of the interview or written notation only, and for those selecting the audio recording, the choices of destruction, preservation of the recording in an archives, or preservation of a transcript. Regarding access restrictions, participants choosing preservation of the recordings could select: no restriction, access with written consent, access after death of the participant, closure until a specified date, or other specifically stated restrictions.

The interviews were preceded by an informal meeting where Duder and the interviewee discussed the research and interview proposal. The guiding interview questions were organized into the following categories and general subjects (summarized from Appendix B of The Spreading Depths). Not all questions were asked of all interviewees:
Biographical background – of the interviewee and immediate family members, including birthplaces, nationalities, places lived, education and occupations;
Childhood – enjoyed or not enjoyed; feelings towards parents and siblings; family strictures; church attendance; playmates and racial characteristics of neighbourhood; school experiences; adolescence; reading habits; clothing worn; drinking and smoking habits; and special friendships;
Socializing and sexual knowledge – extent and location of socializing; types of socializing; friends and acquaintances; frequenting of clubs or bars; any secretiveness concerning activities and location; extent and source of knowledge of human anatomy, sex, pregnancy, masturbation, and same sex relations; awareness of and interaction with homosexual women or men;
Personal sexuality – sexual preference; words used to describe preference; early physical and emotional attractions; feelings associated with attraction; extent of intimate relationships; perceptions of mixed race relationships.

Additional questions were available to guide further discussion of relationships and sexuality. The following is a sample from these questions (excerpted Appendix B of The Spreading Depths). Questions may not have been required depending on the course of interview:

  • How would you describe the way you felt about sex in those relationships?
  • Were there any occasions where one of you wanted to do something different and the other refused? How did you feel about that?
  • Did you know from the beginning what you would like and dislike or was that something you learned about yourself over time?
  • Is there anything else that you would like to tell me about your sexual relationships?

Ross family fonds

  • CA BOW MS 11
  • Fonds
  • 1955 - 1987

The fonds consists of the records of Alex and Helen Ross. It includes correspondence, financial records, paperwork from the Seniors Housing Cooperative and Bowen Island Historians, climatological data, and draft articles and correspondence relating to Alex’s work as a climatological observer for the Undercurrent newspaper.

Ross (family)

Cyril Harding fonds

  • CA BOW MS 1
  • Fonds
  • 1940 - 1963

The fonds consists of personal papers amassed by Cy Hardings. Contents include photographs, correspondence, architectural plans, maps, a wedding scrapbook, and stationary from Union Steamships Ltd., Evergreen Park Resort, and Bowen Island Waterworks Ltd.

Harding, Cyril

Ted Harrison fonds

  • CA UVICARCH AR460
  • Fonds
  • 1947 - 2008

The fonds reflects the development of Harrison's career as a painter following 28 years as a teacher, and consists of the following series: Harrison Family and Personal; Accounting; Teaching; Art Works; Production; Harrison Appearances; Publishing; Projects; Galleries; Photography; and Miscellaneous Objects.

Harrison, Ted

Myrtle Philip fonds

  • CA WMA 986.1
  • Fonds
  • [ca. 1890]-1986

The fonds consists of personal papers of Myrtle Philip, including education documents, journals, diaries, banking records, certificates and passports, legal and property records, and correspondence; photographs depicting the Philip family, people (including guests at Rainbow Lodge), events and scenes of the Whistler area; guest, birthday and recipe books; postcards of the Alta Lake/Whistler area; scrapbooks and reference material. Fonds also includes manuscripts of Alex Philip as well as records relating to his estate. Fonds includes records of Rainbow Lodge including guest registers (1915-1947), cashbook (1928-1952), employee records (1941-1948), and invoices and receipts.

Philip, Myrtle

L.C. Gunn fonds

  • CA FFG 985.9
  • Fonds
  • 1894-1947

The fonds consists of personal and business correspondence and surveying notes.

Gunn, L.C., d. 1963

Laughton family fonds

  • Fonds
  • [1910]-[1926]

Fonds consists of 31 photographs documenting the activities of the Laughton family over the indicated dates, including the moving of the Laughton home from Front Street to Mackenzie Avenue and the memorial service for Bella Laughton.

Laughton (family)

Leary family fonds

  • CA DMA CR-54
  • Fonds
  • 1897-[196-?]

Textual records consist of legal records belonging to A.R. Leary including land deeds, mortgage papers, and fire insurance policies. The fonds also includes British Columbia history and geography textbooks, newspaper clippings, a June 3, 1948 issue of the Ladner Optimist, school certificates, a short history of Vancouver, May Day raffle tickets, rules and regulations of the Grand Black Chapter of Ireland, programs, receipts, notebooks, correspondence, etc. It also contains genealogical notes on the Leary family compiled by Mabel MacNamara and Laura Miller. The fonds includes photographs of men during the gold rush, Knickerbocker's Barber Shop, schools and students, Ladner Ferry, World War I tanks, logging, canneries, ferries, etc. as well as photographs of various members of the Leary family.

Leary (family)

Leger family fonds

  • Fonds
  • 1913-1981

The fonds consists of guest books, photographs, handbooks and certificates.

Leger (family)

Spence family fonds

  • CA LCM MSS 27
  • Fonds
  • [ca. 1939-1945]

The fonds consists of 10 ration books issued to various members of the Spence family of Coghlan, B.C. [ca. 1939-1945].

Spence (family)

Spong family fonds

  • CA NWM 159
  • Fonds
  • 1936-1949

The fonds consists of a journal, correspondence, certificates, and ephemera, primarily of Elsie and Stanley Spong.

Spong (family)

Patrick Mowat fonds

  • Fonds
  • 1914-1919

Fonds consists of a thirteen-page typed manuscript written by Patrick Mowat in 1969. It relates his memories of training and serving in World War I as a member of the 2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles and the 8th Brigade Light Trench Mortar Battery in northern France and Belgium. Fonds also consists of 5 laser print copies of photographs of Patrick Mowat and the 30th B.C. Horse.

Mowat, Patrick

Philip S. Quelch fonds

  • CA DMA CR-58
  • Fonds
  • 1922-1927

The fonds consists of black and white copy prints of personnel, equipment and operations at the Ladner Lumber Mill, their outfit and the Savage's outfit. Also contains photographs of Philip Quelch and friends at leisure, many group photos, photographs of Ladner buildings, the ferry, Ladner's Landing, the Ladner War Memorial, and the dance hall at Point Roberts.

Quelch, Philip S.

Phoebe Fulton fonds : 1901

  • CA LCM MSS 198
  • Fonds
  • [Photocopied ca. 1990]

The fonds consists of a diary (1901) of Phoebe Fulton describing community events and daily activities in and around the Fernridge District of Langley, B.C., at the turn of the century, and containing genealogical information from 1861 to 1931.

Fulton, Phoebe

Ray and Myrtle Cote fonds

  • Fonds
  • [ca. 1910-1970]

Fonds consists predominantly of photographs of the Cotes, relatives and Nanaimo buildings. Also includes two letters.

Cote, Ray

Reverend E.F. Wilson fonds : 1875-1915

  • Fonds
  • [Photocopied 1992]

The fonds consists of home journals (diaries) describing events, people, and local, national and international affairs written by Wilson while he was in Ontario, Manitoba, and on Salt Spring Island.

Wilson, Edward Francis, Reverend

Richard Mackie fonds

  • CA CMX 03.17
  • Fonds
  • [1901-1985]

The fonds consist of extensive research files on Hamilton Mack Laing, used in writing his book Hamilton Mack Laing: Hunter Naturalist. Included are primary research notes, interviews, correspondence, 1st draft of Laing manuscript. The fonds also consist of photographs taken by Hamilton Mack Laing of nature, his naturalist peers and his home in Comox.

Mackie, Richard, 1957-

Rosoman family fonds

  • CA EDM 986-07;986-09;986-14;986-15;987-06;988-19
  • Fonds
  • 1877-1984

The fonds consists of correspondence, agreements, receipts, certificates, personal writings (including descriptions of difficulties in Canada and with the Church of England in Enderby), and reference material and ephemera. Fonds includes photographs and maps of Enderby and district.

Rosoman (family)

Ruth Craven fonds

  • CA EMA V984.7
  • Fonds
  • 1912-1945

The fonds consists of photographs of the Craven family and of parks, streets, ships, and houses at Esquimalt.

Craven, Ruth

Ruth Family fonds

  • Fonds
  • 1883-1981

The fonds is divided into nine series that contain written histories, photographs, personal memorabilia and uncatalogued ephemera.

Ruth (family)

Salt Spring Island Historical Society oral history collection

  • Fonds
  • 1965-1990

The collection consists of sound recordings of interviews with pioneers of Salt Spring Island and of addresses of meetings of the Salt Spring Island Historical Society. The collection includes interviews conducted as part of the C.B.C. Imbert Orchard series, the Salt Spring Senior Citizens Project (1977), a project done by Tony Farr, and projects of the Salt Spring Island Historical Society.

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