Fonds MSS 103;MSS 104;MSS 105;MSS 234;MSS 235 - B.C. Provincial Police fonds

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B.C. Provincial Police fonds

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Fonds

Reference code

CA LCM MSS 103;MSS 104;MSS 105;MSS 234;MSS 235

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  • 1899-1954 (Creation)
    Creator
    British Columbia Provincial Police

Physical description area

Physical description

10 cm of textual records;13 v.

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Biographical history

The British Columbia Provincial Police Force was established in 1871 under its first name, the British Columbia Constabulary. Prior to that, policing in the Colony of British Columbia was the responsibility of the Chief Inspector of Police (1858-1863) or Superintendent of Police (1863-1871) and in the Colony of Vancouver Island by the Commissioner of Police (1858-1866). In 1871, when the Colony of British Columbia joined confederation as a province of the Dominion of Canada, the police came under the authority of the Attorney-General. The reporting structure required the Superintendent of Police to report to the Attorney-General. The constables were under the direction of the government agent of the district who reported to the Superintendent. The mandate of the British Columbia Constabulary was to maintain peace and order and to enforce the laws of the province under the authority of An Act respecting Police Constables (SBC 1880, c. 22, revised SBC 1888, c. 96). In 1895, under the new Provincial Police Act (SBC 1895, c. 45) the name was changed to the British Columbia Provincial Police Force. The duties of the force included patrolling the land, waterways, and coastline, enforcing laws, maintaining peace, policing strikes, controlling smuggling, and generally enforcing provincial statutes. Special constables were also deployed as required. In 1946, the force policed all rural areas and unincorporated settlements as well as forty municipalities throughout the province. The British Columbia Provincial Police Force ceased to exist in 1950, when provincial policing was taken over by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.

Custodial history

Scope and content

The fonds consists of a 2-page manuscript "A Brief History of the B.C. Provincial Police", a daily journal (1899-1907) for an unidentified detachment of the British Columbia Provincial Police compiled by Otway Wilkie and describing police activities in the Fraser Valley, a journal (1937) compiled by Constable S.M. Millar of the Barkerville Detachment describing police activities in the Barkerville and Wells area, and a daily journal (1906-1911) of the New Westminster office, blank BCPP stationery, 2 copies of the BCPP Regulations (1924, 1937), and 2 issues of the "Shoulder Strap", the BCPP journal. Fonds also consists of detailed records of the BCPP's Langley, B.C. Police Department, primarily compiled by Police Chiefs Robert Macklin and C.Y. Robertson, including ledgers containing records of cases and dispositions (1924-1927, 1934, 1939-1942), Provincial Police Court records (1912, 1924-1925, 1942-1954), semi-annual reports to the Langley Board of Police Commissioners (1925, 1937-1939), minutes of the Langley Board of Police Commissioners (1912-1938), a 1935 citation for a medal awarded to R. Macklin by His Majesty the King, and a 1932 petition to the Police Commissioners of the Municipality of Langley requesting reconsideration in the matter of the Police Chief.

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BCAUL control number: LCM-2256

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