Showing 72 results

authority records
University of British Columbia Library Rare Books and Special Collections

Sens, Al

  • Person
  • 1933-

Al Sens was born Albert Sens on December 27, 1933 in Vancouver, British Columbia where he remained for the majority of his life. He had his first professional illustration experience while he was in high school, drawing cartoons for local newspapers under a pseudonym. In the early 1950s he went on to attend the Vancouver School of Art, now known as the Emily Carr Institute of Art and Design. After his studies, Sens illustrated cartoons for a variety of Canadian and American magazines including the Saturday Evening Post, Colliers, Liberty and Macleans.

Concurrently Sens started to make animated films. He produced his first film, "The Puppet's Dream," in 1958. In the same year Sens opened his own animation studio, Al Sens Animation Limited, in Vancouver. He would go on to produce several notable animated films including “Hard Day at the Office,” “Problems on an Imaginary Farm,” and “Political Animals.” Each of these featured political themes, for which Sens became well known. He also produced animations for the National Film Board of Canada, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, and BC Hydro. Through his experiences Sens developed the “spit technique,” which consists of drawing and erasing directly under the camera.

After working at Parry Films in North Vancouver for five years, Sens accepted a position at Simon Fraser University to produce informational short videos in 1967. He continued working in academic settings through the 1970s and 1980s when he taught animation at the University of British Columbia in the Film and Television Department.

Al Sens continued to produce animated films through to the early 2000s, with one of his most famous works being “Dreamtime,” which he produced in 1999. In 2014 Al Sens received the Vancouver Film Critics Circle Ian Caddell Award for making a significant contribution to British Columbia’s film industry.

Bamford (family)

  • Family
  • 1889-2003, predominant 1910-2003

William Bamford (b. 3 June 1826) was born in England and immigrated to Canada in 1860. On 26 August 1862, Bamford married Lydia Ann Blackley in Belleville, Ontario. Blackley was a descendent of American Loyalists who fled Boston, Massachusetts, in 1785 and settled in Picton, Prince Edward County, Ontario. William Bamford and Lydia Blackley lived in Ancaster and Burlington, Ontario, where Bamford worked as a manufacturer and later as a store keeper and merchant. The couple had three sons that lived to adulthood: William Blackley Bamford; Charles Harry Sydney Bamford, who became the director of Ashdown Hardware Company; and Thomas Henry Lord Bamford, who was a merchant of the firm of Hicks and Bamford.

William Blackley Bamford (10 Sept. 1863-29 Aug. 1946) was a railroader, beginning his career in 1880 as a telegraph operator. In 1889, he married Henrietta Odell in in Sherbrooke, Quebec, and had at least one son, William Blackley Stanley Bamford, and one daughter, Florence Odell Bamford (d. 7 July 1918). Bamford served as a Canadian Pacific Railway operator, station agent, and later traveling freight agent and district freight agent in several Ontario cities and towns. He moved to St. John, New Brunswick, in 1910 to act as a division freight agent before returning to Ontario in 1916. In 1920 he was transferred to the Kootenay and Boundary Division at Nelson, British Columbia. Bamford’s retirement from the CPR became effective 31 December 1928 after 48 years as a railroader.

William Blackley Stanley Bamford (24 Jan. 1890-9 Oct. 1966) was born in Elora, Ontario, and enjoyed a long career in the banking industry. In 1908, he secured his first position with the Traders Bank of Canada in Tweed, Ontario, and in 1917, he obtained a job as a temporary clerk with the Bank of Montreal. He continued with the company in various roles and through a transfer to Vancouver, British Columbia, until his retirement in April 1952. Bamford married Amy Lauretta Huestis on 26 December 1929 at St. Mark’s Church in Vancouver. The couple had one son, William Huestis Bamford.

William Huestis Bamford (17 Sept. 1930- ) was at born in, Vancouver, British Columbia. After completing his schooling in Vancouver, Bamford worked briefly in the British Columbia forestry sector before joining the Canadian Army. Bamford acted as a driver mechanic, attaining the rank of Lance Corporal, and spent one year overseas in Korea before leaving the service in April 1954. Bamford then worked briefly as a taxi driver before becoming an employee of Canada Post in June 1956. Bamford served as a letter carrier and later as a supervisory letter carrier in Richmond and Vancouver until his retirement. Bamford married Esther Adelina Lasell Blyth in July 1957 in Vancouver. Bamford was step-father to his wife’s four children from a prior marriage: Lynne, Sharon, Roy, and Verne.

William Blackley Bamford, William Blackley Stanley Bamford, and William Huestis Bamford were all avid diarist and kept line-a-day or page-a-day diaries for most of their adult lives.

Boag Foundation

  • Corporate body
  • 1944 -

The Allan Boag Foundation is a grant giving non-profit society that was established in 1944. Its goals are to promote the principles of democratic Socialism. It sponsors educational projects, grants, and scholarships.

Allan Boag arrived in Vancouver from Scotland in 1894. Initially, he worked at his trade as a foundryman until 1918. Following a recession, he spent several years as a self-employed grocer and nurseryman, acquiring properties throughout Vancouver. The eventual increase in value of these properties led to the establishment of Boag’s wealth. In agreement with his views about the failings of the economic and social system which prevailed that he had formed during his less profitable years, Boag turned over all of his possessions to a trust at the time of his death in 1944. Allan Boag’s vision that a humane and equitable society could be achieved through the development of a democratic socialist society us reflected through the goals and activities of the Foundation.

The Foundation focuses on promoting the furtherance of workers’ education in the disciplines of history, economics, social and political economy and trade union organization. Through a diverse range of activities the Foundation seeks to accomplish these directives. Annual scholarships are maintained at three universities. Grants of books, studies and special collections have been provided to university and college libraries. The Foundation has published and has assisted authors to publish. For many years the Foundation operated a labour school called Boag House and continues to assist special programs at the Canadian Labour Congress Winter School.

Devitt, Bruce

  • Person
  • 1932-

William John Bruce Devitt was born in Burnaby and grew up in South Shalath before attending the University of British Columbia and completing a Bachelor of Science degree in Forestry in 1957. He then went on to work for BC Forest Service as a professional forester focusing on reforestation projects as well as seed and nurseries of the province. In 1973, he joined Pacific Logging Limited, where he worked for eighteen years in industrial forest management. By 1991, he had become Chief Forester for Canadian Pacific Forest Products Limited and soon after took on the role of executive vice-president of the BC Professional Foresters Association. In 1995, he went into private practice and served as director of Pacific Regeneration Technologies Management Incorporated for fifteen years, retiring in 2002.

Throughout his professional career, Devitt has been active in community affairs and environmental issues related to forestry. He has chaired a local school board, a regional district, and a hospital board in addition to participating on various professional committees at the provincial and national level. In 1982, he was President of the Canadian Institute of Forestry and over the decades received several awards, including the Distinguished Foresters Award (1983), the Western Forestry Lifetime Achievement Award (1991), and the Canadian Forestry Achievement Award (1995). Between 1996 and 2012, he was a member of the Provincial Forest Appeal Commission and in parallel served in the Environmental Appeal Board from 2003 to 2012.

Since 1995, Devitt has been living in the Township of Esquimalt, where he was a Parks and Recreation commissioner and also chaired various committees in charge of the revitalization of the locality’s recreation centre. These efforts earned him the 2005 Canadian Parks and Recreation Association Award of Merit and more recently the Mel Cooper Citizen of the Year Award for outstanding citizenship and public service in the township.

Bush (family)

  • Family
  • 1889-2015

George William Trayton (W.T.) Bush was born in Camberwell (London), England in 1889. In 1910, George immigrated to Winnipeg, Canada, where he was soon employed by the Dominion Express Company (later called the Canadian Pacific Express Company) as a traffic solicitor. He fought in the First World War, serving in the Canadian 1st Division for three and a half years. On January 19, 1922, George married Pearl Mee and settled in Vancouver. The couple’s son, Patrick George Seymour Bush, was born in 1932. George continued working at Canadian Pacific Express, retiring in 1949. At the time of his retirement, he owned two apartment blocks in Vancouver.

Pearl Mee was born in 1898. Pearl was the second child of Charles Mee and Annie Mee (née Seymour), early settlers in North Vancouver. After her marriage, Pearl did not work outside of her home.

Patrick George Seymour Bush studied at the University of British Columbia, graduating with a Bachelor of Laws degree in May 1958.
George, Pearl, and Patrick Bush are now deceased, dying in May of 1965, March of 1996, and August of 2015, respectively.

Burnett, Dorothy

  • Person
  • 1907-1992

Dorothy Burnett graduated from the Vancouver School of Decorative and Applied Arts with a diploma in 1930, took post graduate studies at the California College of Arts and Crafts, Oakland, and, later studied with the outstanding artists and bookbinders, Herbert and Peter Fahey, in their private studio in San Francisco. Returning from California, she set up her own studio “three flights up” over the old Dunsmuir Street Imperial Bank Building with a friend, the potter, Frances Gatewood. Subsequently she worked out of her family home on Angus Drive, accepting special orders for the fine binding of family bibles, commemorative books, albums, old volumes and first editions – such books were cherished, loved and honoured by their owners.

Miss Burnett’s work has been shown many times. Among the earliest exhibitions, dating back to the 1930’s, were those annual displays put on by the Graduates’ Association of the Vancouver School of Art. She was also included in “20th Century Bookbinding,” held at the Art Gallery of Hamilton in 1982.

Forest History Association of British Columbia

  • Corporate body
  • 1982-

The Forest History Association of British Columbia's primary interests pertain to the preservation of history of the evolution of forest resource management and the associated social and political aspects. Members of the association represent a variety of professions related to the forestry industry and included residents of the province of British Columbia, the western United States and eastern Canada. The intentions of the association are to encourage the collection, preservation, cataloguing, and use of historical material related to the conservation, management, and utilization of the forests of the province. The Forest History Association of B.C. publishes a newsletter containing articles, biographies, lists of new literature, book reviews, notices of meetings, and requests for information from researchers.

Historical Map Society of British Columbia

  • Corporate body
  • 1976-

The Historical Map Society of British Columbia is the oldest map society in Canada, founded in 1976 in response to a call by Dr. Richard Ruggles, head of the Department of Geography, Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario. An enthusiastic group, we immediately undertook a series of lectures on “The Mapping of British Columbia” for the Continuing Education Departments of the University of British Columbia and the University of Victoria. This was followed by another series on Map Collecting in 1978. In April, 1985, at the Annual General Meeting, the society changed its name from Historical Map Society of British Columbia to Map Society of British Columbia. In 1988 members loaned 156 maps and 2 atlases from their personal collections for an exhibition, The World of Antique Maps, to aid the Eye Care Centre. From 1981 to 1992 the Society produced a series of historical map reproductions. This was ceased when we embarked on our most ambitious project, a carto-bibliography of maps of the British Columbia area up to 1871, the year this colony joined the confederation of Canada. We now have about 3,000 maps listed on our fledgling website. In September, 2004, the Society decided to change its name back to Historical Map Society of British Columbia.

The Historical Map Society of British Columbia continues to hold monthly meetings from September to June with speakers from the membership, or visiting scholars, such as Commander David Waters, Professor Kazutaka Unno, David Buisseret, Francis Herbert, Andrew David, and Andrew Cook. Although we are located here on the west coast of Canada, we are interested in maps of the world, past, present, and future. We have enjoyed talks about explorers, including Cook, Vancouver, the Spanish, and Drake; early Chinese maps; Japanese maps of the Tokugawa era; Ptolemy; the Vinland Map; Mercator; surveying instruments; Calligraphy; hydrographic charts; and the great British mapmakers.

Bunce, Hubert William Ferdinand, Sr.

  • Person
  • 1932-2013

Dr. Hubert William Ferdinand Bunce was a forest researcher active in the Canadian forestry industry for many years. He was born in London, England in 1932 and came to Canada in 1955. He received a Masters of Forestry from UBC in 1960 and a doctorate in forestry from Syracuse University in 1967. In the early years of his career, he worked for CanFor and Columbia Cellulose. In 1972, he joined Reid, Collins & Associates, a Vancouver based forestry consulting company. He worked with Reid Collins for 21 years, during which time was involved in many international and Canadian based projects, including the multi-year project for the aluminum manufacturer Alcan, looking at the effects of emissions from their Kitimat aluminum smelter on the health of surrounding forests. After retiring from Reid Collins in the late 1990s, Hubert worked as part owner of the Blue Mountain Woodlot near Maple Ridge, BC.

Bunce was actively involved with a number of national forestry committees, including the Canadian Forest Inventory Committee (CFIC), the Assessing & Standardising Metrification committee, and the Forest Terminology and Usage committee. He was also involved with the BC Forest History Association, the Association of BC Forest Professionals, and the British Columbia Forestry Association.

Bunce was a Registered Professional Forester (BC), Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Foresters (GB), and Life Member of the Commonwealth Forestry Association (GB).

He was married (Jill) with three children: Hubert Jr., Christopher and Sarah.

Waddell, Ian

  • Person
  • 1942-

Ian Waddell was born November 11, 1942 in Glasgow, Scotland, to Isabel and Jack Waddell. His family moved to Canada when he was a child. He received bachelors degrees in history and law from the University of Toronto, a teaching diploma from the Ontario College of Education, and a Master of Laws from the London School of Economics.

Waddell articled in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1967 and his career has remained rooted in the area. His early career focused on public interest law, spending a year as Assistant City Prosecutor and working in other positions dealing with traffic, family, and criminal law. He then succeeded the founder of the Community Legal Assistance Society, becoming the organization's Legal Director in 1972. He remained in the position for two years, and during that time litigated Canada’s first class action lawsuit. He was also involved in various government boards and commissions during this time.

From 1974 to 1977, Waddell served as special counsel for Justice Thomas R. Berger’s Mackenzie Valley Pipeline Inquiry.

Waddell's career then took a political turn, and he campaigned for election to the Canadian Parliament. As a member of the New Democratic Party (NDP), he served for 14 years as a Member of the Canadian Parliament, first representing the Vancouver Kingsway riding (1979-1988) and later Port Moody-Coquitlam (1988-1993). In this position, Waddell acted as NDP critic for environment and energy--notably during the National Energy Program--and participated in the Meech Lake Accord.

From 1996 to 2001, Waddell was elected to the British Columbia Legislature where he served as Minister of Tourism, Culture & Small Business, Minister of Environment, Lands & Parks, and Minister on Intergovernmental Affairs. His work included earning the 2010 Olympic bid and growing Vancouver’s involvement in the film industry.

Waddell also participated politically on the international stage. As a member of Parliamentarians for Global Action, he became involved with advocating for the International Criminal Court.

In 2013, Waddell was appointed Queen’s Counsel by the Attorney General of British Columbia. Following political life, Waddell has remained active in legal affairs as a legal and government consultant. In addition, he’s an author and film producer.

Inouye (family)

  • Family
  • 1883-2009

For details on Inouye Family, see authority records of the following Inouye family members:
Morikawa, Jitsuo
Inouye, Hatsuno
Inouye, Beverly
Inouye, Zennosuke

Surrey Berry Growers' Cooperative Association

  • Corporate body
  • [192-?]-[195-?]

The Surrey Berry Growers' Cooperative Association was a group of mostly Japanese-Canadian berry farmers in Surrey, BC. It was one of the first berry cooperatives in the Surrey area. The Surrey Berry Growers' Cooperative produced Sovereign Brand strawberries and jam berries. The Cooperative had 5 acres of land and Sandell Road by Townline Road, RR 4, New Westminster, British Columbia. It also had a recreation hall and caretaker's residence on the property. The Cooperative was successful throughout the Great Depression despite the failures of many other agricultural ventures during that time period. In 1942, many of the farmers in the Cooperative were interned due to being of Japanese decent and had their land and possessions taken from them. The Cooperative also had their land and property ceased at this time. While there were attempts made to regain the property and re-establish the Cooperative, the Cooperative died out sometime after 1952.

Maniago, Jackie

  • Person
  • 1933-

Jackie Maniago was born on October 3, 1936 in Trail, British Columbia. She began her involvement in advocacy for persons with intellectual disabilities after the birth of her youngest son, Norman Maniago. While she desired to take care of Norman at home, her husband (Walter Maniago) and her were unable to do so. Norman was placed into care at Woodlands, an institution serving people with intellectual disabilities. Jackie Maniago found there was little support for her family and families of other Woodlands residents. She and a group of other parents of Woodlands residents came together to create the Woodlands Parents' Group (1976), which later helped form the Community Living Society (1978), Family Link Society (1983), and the Community Brokerage Service Society (1988). It was these efforts to improve the quality of life for people with intellectual disabilities that led to the closure of Woodlands, investigations into the abuses inflicted on Woodlands residents, and the beginnings of the Community Living movement in British Columbia and the rest of Canada.

Hutterli, Kurt

  • Person
  • 1944-

Kurt Hutterli was born on August 18, 1944, in Bern, Switzerland. He studied at the University of Bern to become a secondary school teacher. Beside being a teacher in Bern, Hutterli was working as an author and artist, with his first novel published in 1959.
Hutterli and his wife immigrated to Canada, Okanagan, British Columbia in 1996 and became Canadian citizens in 2000.
Hutterli continued to work as an artist and writer in British Columbia. He writes poetry, short stories, plays, radio-plays and novels while crafting sculptures and other works of art, which are featured in several exhibitions in Switzerland and Canada since 1984.

Ketola, Kustaa

  • Person
  • 1904-?

Kustaa Ketola was born October 30, 1904, in Poytya, Jalkala, Finland. He was drafted into the Porin Regiment of the army in 1924 for a minimum required service time of one year. He trained as a combat first aid medic but did not serve in battle and was honorably discharged in September 1925. Ketola also lived in Vancouver, Canada, and worked as a miner. He was also authorized by the Finnish consulate to enter the USA for six months in 1938. The material in his fonds indicates involvement with unions, specifically the International Woodworkers of America.

Reed, Leslie

  • Person
  • 1927-

Francis Leslie Clay Reed was born in 1927 and raised in a farming community near Three Hills, Alberta. He was exposed to the forest industry early on, as a woods worker in the foothills near Sundre, Alberta. He obtained a B.A. in Economics at Lewis and Clark College in Portland, Oregon in 1954 and a M.A. in Economics at the University of Oregon, Eugene in 1959.

Mr. Reed served as a research economist with Stanford Research Institute in Portland, Oregon. Subsequent positions led him to Forest Industrial Relations Ltd., Council of the Forest Industries of B.C., and Hedlin Menzies and Associates Ltd., all of Vancouver. During this time, he was a member of the delegation that presented Canada's case before the US Tariff Commission's 1962 hearings on softwood lumber.

Reed then began a period in consulting economics and spent two years with the federal Prices and Incomes Commission, as Director of Price Reviews. In 1972 he founded an economic consulting firm called FLC Reed and Associates Ltd., specializing in resource development and regional analysis, which operated eventually in some 40 countries.

In 1980 he moved to Ottawa as the senior official in charge of the Canadian Forest Service. As Assistant Deputy Minister, he oversaw the reorganization of the agency and developed a series of new policy initiatives. In 1981 Reed chaired the Victoria meeting of the North American Forestry Commission and in 1982 led a technical forestry mission to the People's Republic of China.

In 1984 he moved to the Forestry Faculty at the University of British Columbia, as the first appointment in a new program of NSERC (Natural Sciences and Engineering Resources Council) funded research chairs across Canada. In this role he engaged in forest policy research and teaching, while participating in federal and provincial forestry affairs in Canada.

Upon his retirement in 1992 he was named Professor Emeritus of the Forestry Faculty of UBC. Reed then resumed his earlier career in international forestry consulting.

Special appointments in Canada include: The British Columbia Premier's Wilderness Advisory Committee, the Prime Minister's National Advisory Board on Science and Technology (NABST), the Canadian Forest Advisory Council, the National Advisory Board on Model Forests, and the boards of three forest sector research agencies: Forintek, FERIC, and the Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada. He also served on the Boards of the Canadian Bible College/Canadian Theological Seminary and Regent College.

International appointments include: nomination to the Royal Swedish Academy of Agriculture and Forestry, the Board of Governors of the Commonwealth Forestry Association, and the Science Advisory Board of the Temperate Forest Foundation.

Reed has published a number of works, including a history of the softwood lumber dispute between Canada and the US titled <em>Two centuries of softwood lumber war between Canada and the United States - A chronicle of trade barriers viewed in the context of saw timber depletion</em>.

Source: "FLC Les Reed biographical notes," document found in the "FLC/CFS history" file (File 2-6) of the Leslie Reed fonds.

Wootton, Marion

  • Person
  • 1870-?

Marion Wootton immigrated to Vancouver with husband Allen Wootton in 1910.

Beardmore, Martha May

  • Person
  • ?-1963

Martha May Beardmore (née Wilson), was an English nurse who aided the British during World War I. She began her nursing career at the Metropolitan Hospital of London, England where she earned her proficiency medal. Her first nursing position was at the Sandringham Estate Hospital of King George Fifth. At the turn of the century she migrated from England to Canada and became a public health nurse in the East-at-the Quebec Bridge district. While there she aided members of the Kahnawake Mohawk nation, which led to them bestowing her the title of Princess of the Caughnawaga Indians. She then moved west to Regina and opened a private hospital.

While holidaying in England in 1914, Britain declared war on Germany. Martha subsequently settled her affairs in Regina and joined the Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service. As part of the Military Nursing Service, she aided efforts in France and the Balkan countries. She also ended up in the Palace of the Tsar of Russia and became a nurse to Grigori Rasputin. She ended up moving to France and then Belgium where she worked under noted nurse Edith Cavell. At this point Martha May Wilson suffered from shell shock and was sent back to England.

After recovering from her shell shock she was appointed matron of the Stoke-on-Trent Hospital, where she was at the end of World War I. She was also called to Buckingham Palace by King George V who presented her with the Royal Red Cross for her nursing services during World War I.

Eventually she moved back to Canada where she fell ill and was admitted to the Winnipeg General Hospital. While in hospital she met her future husband, Harry Beardmore. The couple married and decided to move to Vancouver where she opened a hospital on Bute Street. She retired in Vancouver, though continued to aid in hospital efforts across the city.

After several injuries and a stroke, Martha May Beardmore died on October 20, 1963.

Park, Mary Olga

  • Person
  • 1891-1985

Mary Olga Park (née Bracewell) was a contemporary spiritualist mystic and self-published writer who lived most of her life in Vancouver, British Columbia. She was known for her non-denominational, theological beliefs and for the prophetic visions she experienced. She did not consider herself the head of a church or esoteric cult—or as a medium or psychic—but rather as a spiritual teacher.

Park was born to Ellen and Bruce Bracewell on February 24, 1891 in Gargrave, Yorkshire, England. As a child, Park showed an interest in nature, music and religion. Park was raised as a Wesleyan Methodist. After the local Wesleyan church disbanded, she secretly attended an Anglican Church against her parents’ wishes, as she was drawn by the music, liturgy, and sacramental worship. Park attended various schools in the suburbs of Birmingham until the age of fourteen, when she won a scholarship to Aston Pupil Teachers’ Centre. She studied there for three years, but also wished to pursue a career in music.

Park and her family immigrated to British Columbia in 1910, when Park was 19 years old. It was a difficult transition for Park, who had abandoned her musical and educational opportunities and social connections in England. The family settled in Revelstoke, British Columbia and soon after moved to a farm in South Vancouver, British Columbia. By 1914, Park began to receive dream visions showing her the experiences of soldiers in the First World War. From then on, she received psycho-spiritual experiences of Jesus Christ and other saints, philosophers, and thinkers.

On March 24, 1917, Park married James Fleming Park, and they had two children: Robert Bruce Park and James Samuel Park, who died a few days after his birth. Throughout the 1920s, Park was active at St. Mary’s Anglican Church in South Vancouver. She taught Sunday school and was a leading member of the church choir. During this time, Park became close with Rev. Charles Sydney McGaffin, the rector of the church. She considered him to be a man of progressive spiritual understanding. Through the 1940s, Park continued having visions and mystical experiences. Notably, Park received the words and music for a mystical communion service she practiced for the rest of her life at her own home worship altar, and kept a regular morning and evening practice of contemplative prayer. Park also became the Canadian representative of the Churches’ Fellowship for Psychical and Spiritual Studies in 1956–1963, corresponded with the Psychical Research Society in London, and was a member of the Spiritual Frontiers Fellowship.

Due to the broadening of her theology, she eventually felt compelled to move outside the parameters of the institutional Church. As she grew older, Park became dissatisfied with the nature of church dogma, or in her words, “Churchianity,” and broke ties with the Anglican Church. After her husband's death in 1959, she went to live with her son until 1964, when she moved to a small cottage in Port Moody. She devoted the rest of her life to living as a solitary contemplative. After word of her spiritual “awakening” and beliefs began to spread by her self-published books and by word of mouth, she received “seekers” and “learners” who wished to receive instruction on her spiritual practice. She began to regard those with whom she built her spiritual relationships as an informal society which had roots in interior realms and she referred to it as the Society of the Mystical Communion of Christ (SMCC).

Park continued to live alone at her cottage until 1978 when, after breaking an ankle, it was necessary to move back to Vancouver where she continued to receive visits from seekers and learners. Due to her advancing age and frailty, Park was transitioned to a care center for the elderly in Vancouver in 1983. Mary Olga Park died on December 13, 1985 at the age of ninety four.

National Association of Japanese Canadians

  • Corporate body
  • 1947-

The National Association of Japanese Canadians (NAJC), formerly known as the National Japanese Canadian Citizens’ Association (NJCCA) before it officially became the NAJC in April 1980, was established in 1947 by Roger Obata, along with nisei leaders from across Canada, at a conference held in Toronto. Since its establishment, the association’s primary activities have centred on strengthening the Japanese Canadian community and on advocating for the equality of human rights for all persons, especially the rights of racial and ethnic minorities. It is the only organization that provides leadership for the Japanese Canadian community in Canada at the national level and represents a number of chapters across the country. The NAJC was responsible for the Japanese Canadian Redress Movement beginning in the 1980s whereby justice was sought for the acts of discrimination committed against Japanese Canadians during and after the Second World War (1942 – 1949) by the government of Canada’s actions and policies. These injustices included internment, deportation, labour on the sugar beet farms in Alberta and Manitoba, the confiscation of property, and the selling of that property without consent. As part of the NAJC’s course of action during the Redress Movement, the association aimed to maintain good communication by connecting Japanese Canadians in different parts of Canada, to raise public awareness and involvement in the redress campaign, to forge alliances with different groups, and to provide any useful connections that would be used in negotiation tactics. The Redress Movement ultimately resulted in the signing of the Redress Settlement on September 22, 1988 by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, representing the Canadian Federal Government, and Art (Arthur) Miki, the NAJC President at the time. Deemed a major achievement for the NAJC, the settlement officially acknowledged, apologized, and provided monetary compensation for the Japanese Canadian community.

Prior to reaching this settlement, however, some internal divisions emerged in 1983 and 1984 between the NAJC and the National Redress Committee (NRC), which had been created in 1980 to develop policies and to communicate with the Japanese American community in the United States who were also undertaking a campaign for redress. Causes for tension centered on the issue of compensation policies, procedures, and organizational primacy. The conflict between the NAJC and the NRC came to a close in 1984 when the NRC was dissolved and replaced by a National Council of Japanese Canadian organizations, which is made up of representatives from member organizations and supporting member organizations.

To date, the National Council remains the governing body of the NAJC and is responsible for passing the budget and financial statements presented by the Treasurer at the Annual General Meetings (AGM), voting to elect Board members who form the National Executive Board, and holding quarterly meetings or as otherwise needed. The NAJC also includes a number of committees: the Endowment Fund Committee, the Human Rights Committee, the Arts Culture and Education Committee (ACE), the Heritage Committee, the Constitutions and Resolution Committee, the Young Leaders Committee, the Community Development Committee, the Membership Committee, and the Nominations Committee.

Hodgson, Barbara

  • Person
  • 1955-

Barbara Hodgson was born in 1955 in Edmonton, Alberta. She presently resides in Vancouver, British Columbia.

Hodgson’s career began at the Vancouver-based independent publisher Douglas & McIntyre. Hodgson worked as a book designer and, finally, art director at this organization. In 1993, she started a book packaging company, Byzantium Books, with artist and writer Nick Bantock. Following this period, Hodgson began writing her own fiction and non-fiction books.

Hodgson has published several works of fiction, including the novels The Tattooed Map (1995), The Sensualist (1998), Hippolyte’s Island (2001), and The Lives of Shadows (2004). Additionally, she has published over 15 non-fiction works, including The Rat: A Perverse Miscellany (1997), Opium: A Portrait of the Heavenly Demon (1999), and In the Arms of Morpheus: The Tragic History of Laudanum, Morphine, and Patent Medicines (2001).

Hodgson has also collaborated with other bookbinders, artists, and writers on several volumes. One of Hodgson’s most significant partnerships has been with bookbinder Claudia Cohen. Together, the two have released a series of fine art books on colour (via Heavenly Monkey) and The WunderCabinet (2011), a limited-edition volume and object collection meant to emulate curiosity cabinets from the 16th to 18th centuries.

Simons, Beverley

  • Person
  • 1938-

Beverley Simons, née Rosen, was born on March 31, 1938 in Flin Flon, Manitoba. When Simons was twelve, her family moved to Vancouver and then, finally, Edmonton. As a child, she studied piano, and at the age of 16, she was offered full scholarships to the Juilliard School, Conservatoire de Paris, and the Toronto Conservatory of Music. In 1956, also at the age of 16, Simons won a national writing contest for high school students for her verse drama Twisted Roots.

In 1956, Simons began studying English literature at McGill University. She was involved in the founding of the McGill University Players’ Club. In 1958, Simons transferred to the University of British Columbia. She graduated in 1959 with a Bachelor of Arts degree, majoring in English and Theatre. Simons continued to write in this period; in 1958, she accepted a scholarship to study creative writing at the Banff School of Fine Arts, where she produced her first full-length play, My Torah, My Tree, an exploration of her Jewish heritage. Simons also acted, starring in The Lark, which was produced by Vancouver Little Theatre and written by Jean Anouilh.

On August 24, 1958, Simons married Sidney B. Simons, a criminal lawyer. In 1959, after her graduation, Simons and her husband spent two years travelling through Europe. Simons began work on a new play during this time, The Elephant and the Jewish Question. Simons completed this play on her return to Vancouver in 1961 and began writing another entitled Green Lawn Rest Home. From 1961-1965, Simons’ three children were born, and she produced three film scripts that had been commissioned by C.B.C. TV: Encounter, If I Turn around Quick, and The Canary. The Canary was the only film that was produced.

In 1967, Simons was awarded a Canada Council ‘B’ grant, which enabled her to commence work on Crabdance, the play she is best known for. Simons used grant money to fund a trip to Japan, Hong Kong, and India, where she engaged with local dramatic conventions. In 1969, Crabdance was produced by A Contemporary Theatre in Seattle, Washington. In 1972, it was produced at the Playhouse Theatre Company in Vancouver, British Columbia. In this period, Simons also completed four one-act plays, Preparing, Prologue, Triangle, and The Crusader. In 1975, Talonbooks, a Vancouver-based publisher, released two volumes of Simons’ dramatic works: Crabdance and the collected one-act plays (in a volume entitled Preparing).

In 1976, Simons published a new play entitled Leela Means to Play in an issue of Canadian Theatre Review dedicated entirely to her work (issue nine). This play was chosen for workshop production the following year at the Eugene O’Neill Theatre Centre in Waterford, Connecticut, but it was never produced. At this point, few of Simons’ plays had been produced, so she transitioned into writing prose.

In the following years, Simons began work on a trilogy of fiction novels entitled Da Vinci’s Light. A short excerpt from one of these novels was published in 1985 (Vancouver Fiction Book). Some of Simons’ short fiction pieces were published in Vancouver-based magazines, including PRISM international and the best of blewointment. Simons also contributed an essay on world drama to the program series for Expo ’86 in Vancouver. In addition, Simons wrote manuscripts for several children’s books. In 1991, she was awarded a Canada Council ‘A’ grant. From this point, she returned to creating film scripts and plays, most notably the play Now You See It. Although Simons worked on many projects throughout the 1990s and 2000s, none of her new literary works were produced or published. Crabdance, however, was produced again in 1994 at Sigma, an alternative arts festival in Bordeaux, France.

Simons gave lectures throughout her writing career, especially from 1973-1994. Simons tended to speak at universities, including Simon Fraser University (1973, 1983), University of British Columbia (1987), York University (1994), and University of Bordeaux (1994). In 1984, she was artist in residence at the University of Lethbridge. She often gave readings at these institutions as well. Finally, Simons served as jury member for various Canada Council grants from 1990-1991.

British Columbia Carpenters' Central America Solidarity Committee

  • Corporate body
  • ca. 1980

The BC Carpenters' Central America Solidarity Committee was formed by the trade unionists of the BC Provincial Council of Carpenters (the BC Carpenters' Union).

The non-profit Canada-Nicaragua Carpentry Training Centre in Estelé, Nicaragua, sometimes referred to as "the Carpenters' Project," was established in 1985 as a joint effort between the BC Provincial Council of Carpenters and the Carpenters’ Union of Nicaragua.

During the mid-1980s, groups of BC trade unionists travelled to Nicaragua. These trips were hosted by the Sandinista Trade Union Centre (CST), endorsed by the BC Federation of Labour, and arranged by the Trade Union Group of the BC-Nicaragua Solidarity Committee. These trips resulted in reports on the labour situation in Nicaragua titled "Hope Under Siege" and "Surviving the Siege."

This project was done in cooperation with CUSO, an independent international development agency, and was affiliated with "Tools for Peace," a Canadian organisation devoted to maintaining solidarity with and providing material support to the people of Nicaragua during the 1980s.

Spring, Charles E.

  • Person
  • 1859-1938

Charles E. Spring (1859-1938) was born in New Westminster, British Columbia, and moved with his family to Victoria in 1867. He was the oldest son of William Spring, a pioneering sealer and trader in British Columbia. Spring attended the Collegiate and James Bay schools in Victoria, as well as St. Louis College. Spring worked for the Hudson's Bay Company from the age of 17, until 1884, when he joined his father in the sealing industry. Following the death of his father that same year, he took over the sealing business at the age of 24. Spring’s fleet at that time included the schooners “Kate,” “Onward,” “Alfred Adams,” and “Favourite.” In addition to his sealing interests, Spring owned several small steamers at Victoria. His business partners included Captain Alexander McLean and Peter Frances.

Spring married Agnes Loretta Dowdall in 1890. Despite the fact that Spring was active in the Presbyterian Church of Canada, he left the church and converted to Catholicism, his wife’s religion, upon their marriage. Although they built a house on Kingston Street in Victoria, they spent their early married life in Kyuquot, B.C., where Spring had a trading post.

In 1885, United States cutters began seizing vessels caught sealing in the North Pacific in order to protect their sealing interests in Alaska. In 1886, Spring’s vessel “Onward” was seized, resulting in a loss of $12,000 of assets. In order to ease tensions between the United States and Great Britain over the Bering Sea controversy, a temporary agreement (the “Modus Vivendi”) prohibiting pelagic sealing in the Bering Sea for the 1891 season was put in place. The “Modus Vivendi” was then renewed for the 1892-1893 sealing season. The resulting loss of revenue financially ruined Spring, who was sued for nonpayment of bills and wages, and lost the vessels “Favourite” and “Kate,” as well as his Kingston Street residence, among other assets.

In 1898, as a result of the 1896-1897 Bering Sea Claims Commission, Spring received a settlement of $33,906 from the United States for financial losses caused by the seizure of the “Onward” and the initial “Modus Vivendi” in 1891. However, settlements were not awarded for losses suffered due to the extension of the “Modus Vivendi” during the 1892-1893 sealing season. Spring continued to pursue his claims for these losses and became an active spokesman for other sealers in their claims. Among his many attempts at receiving settlement, he submitted his claims to a royal commission set by the Dominion Government in 1913 to investigate claims by sealers for compensation for loss of their trade resulting from sealing treaties of 1893 and 1911. The commissioner, Louis Arthur Audette, determined that Spring’s claims were invalid, his losses having occurred prior to 1894.

Following the collapse of his sealing business, Spring became a trader out of Kyuquot for five years before moving back to Victoria and taking up farming. He later moved to Seattle, but returned to Victoria in 1911 to go into the motor-boat business, before moving to Vancouver in 1920 where he lived until his death. Spring died from bronchial pneumonia in Vancouver on February 11, 1938 at the age of 78. He was survived by his wife, one son, four daughters, and three sisters.

Delgamuukw Trial

  • Person
  • 1984-1997

The results of the Delgamuukw v. British Columbia Trial are considered a turning point in treaty negotiations, land use policy, and the recognition of the legal concept of Aboriginal title. The case concluded on December 11, 1997, and the Supreme Court of Canada observed that aboriginal title is an ancestral right protected by the Constitution Act of 1982. The action was brought forward by the 51 appellants, all Hereditary Chiefs either of the Wet’suwet’en Nation or Gitxsan Nation, and who individually or on behalf of their Houses and its members, claimed one or more separate specific portions of the 133 individual hereditary territories in Northwest British Columbia, totalling 58,000 square kilometres.

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